Balfour Water System

Sign-up instructions for the EyeOnWater portal website service can be found HERE.  

The Regional District strongly encourages water users on the Balfour water system to sign-up for the EyeOnWater portal website service in order to monitor their consumption and identify potential leaks. 

Annual Drinking Water Information

Size and number of connections

The system currently services 257 active connections.


The system is located in the community of Balfour, within RDCK Electoral Area E. Balfour is on the north shore of the west arm of Kootenay Lake.  The Kootenay Lake ferry landing is located within this water system.


The Balfour water system derives source water from Kootenay Lake. As a surface water source, there are increased risks of contamination by environmental influences.   

System Description

The system was constructed in 1947 under the ownership of the Balfour Irrigation District.


As a condition of the Balfour system becoming a RDCK service, a water treatment plant was installed in January, 2011. The plant allows for a multi-barrier approach to treatment through a combination of filtration, UV disinfection, and chlorine residual disinfection. 


In spring 2015, the existing welded steel treated water reservoir in Balfour developed weld cracks and started leaking. The reservoir was replaced in summer 2018, with a new 1,375 cubic meter reservoir. The new reservoir has been sized for future growth within the water system, and fire water storage.

Distribution system

The distribution system is comprised of PVC, galvanized steel, and asbestos-concrete pipe. Various minor distribution upgrades are anticipated.


The new reservoir capacity meets the increased water demands that would be associated with fire suppression. RDCK Water Services has submitted this and updated water system information to the Fire Underwriters Survey in fall 2018. Please contact your insurance provider for additional information.

Significant issues

The Balfour population is expected to grow in future years. Historic reports estimated that there will be demand for 200 new connections within 20 years. A 2009 assessment of the system indicated that the current distribution network could be inadequate to serve the water demands of these additional connections. This finding, in addition to the challenges posed by aging system infrastructure, will require full replacement of the distribution system within several decades.

Plans for future upgrades

The Regional District was successful in obtaining a Clean Water & Wastewater Fund (CWWF) grant of over $2.8 million in 2016 for capital upgrades including: a new water storage reservoir, universal metering implementation, standby power, and distribution capacity and reliability upgrades. The project is now complete. 

The capital upgrades have resulted in:

  • Improved system reliability and fire protection (with replacement of structurally unsound reservoir and addition of standby power).
  • Improved demand side management (with metering) have lessened the need to issue Stage 3 water conservation measures & have reduced water consumption, thereby reducing costs to the users.

Universal Metering

An Universal Metering Assessment and Implementation Study was undertaken in 2014 to determine if Universal Metering could help achieve the goal of reducing water consumption. Some of the advantages that were outlined during this study include:

  • improved water loss management
  • increased water conservation
  • reduced capital infrastructure
  • equitable water rates
  • reduced consumption

Meter installations have been completed and the system is now operating on a metered rate for quarterly billing. For more information, please visit the Water Meters webpage.

Water Quality Monitoring

2020 Annual Report of Monitoring (Balfour)

Asset Management Planning

An Asset Management Plan (AMP) is complete and being updated annually.  The 2018 AMP summary report can be viewed HERE

The RDCK has received grant funding under the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM), Municipal Asset Management Program (MAMP) in 2018 to develop a Risk & Criticality Assessment model for the water system's distribution network.  This Risk & Criticality Assessment model is now a component of the AMP and is included when RDCK management considers asset replacement dates or the prioritization of upgrade work on the highest risk/highest need.


This system was converted to a RDCK service in January, 2011. It was historically owned and operated by the Balfour Improvement District.

The content on this page was last updated April 29 2022 at 4:01 PM